William I of Orange

(1533–1584)
   Stadtholder. Born in Nassau-Dillenburg in the German Empire, William inherited the principality of Orange, France. He was appointed stadtholder of the provincesHolland, Zeeland, and Utrechtin 1559. In 1567, William became the political and military leader of the Dutch Revolt against the centralizing and anti-Protestant policy of the Spanish king Philip II, his councilors, and the government in Brussels. His pol icy of confrontation was at first not successful. The king’s opponents were divided into fundamental Calvinists and other Protestant sects, on the one hand, and Roman Catholics, on the other, who were ad vocates of more autonomy but did not wish to divide the Catholic Church. The Revolt was in the beginning more conservative in its purpose, aiming at maintenance of local and regional privileges against the encroachment of the central government in Brussels. Be sides, military fortune was varied: Many of William’s brothers were killed, and the military genius of the Spanish governor, the Duke of Alba, nearly inflicted a decisive defeat on the insurgents. After the Union of Utrecht (1579), in 1580 the king declared William an out law. In 1581, the Northern provinces proclaimed themselves an inde pendent Republic. William “the Silent” was murdered at Delft by Balthasar Gerards (c. 1557–1584), a loyal follower of the king. Four years after William’s death, the Spanish Armada, a fleet sent to put down the Revolt definitively, ended in a disaster. After 1588, the consolidation of the Dutch Republic was intensified with great success. William became a kind of “founding father” and national hero. His nephew Willem Lodewijk of Nassau became stadtholder of the provinces of Friesland (see FRISA [FRIESLAND]; Frisian FRYSLAN), Groningen, and Drenthe (1584–1620). William’s son Maurice succeeded him as stadtholder in the other five provinces.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William, Bishop of Orange — took part in the First Crusade. After the death of Adhemar of Le Puy, he was recognized as leader of the clergy, until he himself died six months later in December of 1098.External links* [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/cde jlem.html… …   Wikipedia

  • William, Prince of Orange — For other princes of Orange or Orange Nassau called William, see William of Orange (disambiguation) William Prince of Orange Prince of Orange Reign …   Wikipedia

  • William III of Orange — (1650–1702)    Stadtholder and English king. In 1672–1675, the five Dutch provincesthat had decided not to take a stadtholder after the death of his father William II in 1650, ap pointed William III to the position of stadtholder. He became the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • William III d'Orange-Nassau — Guillaume III d Angleterre Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guillaume III. Guillaume III …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philip William, Prince of Orange — Infobox Person name = Philip William, Prince of Orange image size = 250px caption = Portrait of Philip William by Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt birth name = birth date = birth date|1554|12|19|df=yes birth place = Buren, Seventeen Provinces death… …   Wikipedia

  • William the Silent — William Prince of Orange …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • William III of England — William III II William III by Sir Godfrey Kneller Prince of Orange Reign 4 November 1650 …   Wikipedia

  • William the Silent — William I, Prince of Orange Key, Adriaen Thomas (ca. 1570–84), William of Orange …   Wikipedia

  • Orange Order — Orange Institution The Orange Order flag, also known as the Boyne Standard, consisting of an orange background with a St George s Cross and a purple star which was the symbol of Williamite forces. Formation 1796 in …   Wikipedia

  • William of Orange — (Dutch: Willem van Oranje , French: Guillaume d Orange , German Wilhelm von Oranien , Latin Guilelmus ) is the name of several historical persons. In the context of Irish and British history, it refers most often to William III of England/William …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.